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Cannabis and Alcoholism

The information in this blogpost comes from Martin Lee, Alcoholism and the Endocannabinoid System.

Cannabis decreases damage to our bodies associated with ingesting alcohol.

1. Cannabis is a neuroprotectant: Cannabis minimizes cell death in the brain associated with overconsumption of alcohol.

In 2009, the journal Neurotoxicology and Teratologypresented clinical data indicating that compounds in marijuana helped to “protect the human brain against alcohol-induced damage.” This study, conducted at the University of California in San Diego, found that adolescents who smoke marijuana may be less susceptible to brain damage from binge drinking.

Five years earlier, researchers at the National Institute of Mental Health demonstrated that cannabidiol (CBD), a significant nonpsychoactive component of marijuana, functioned as an “in vivo neuroprotectant... in preventing binge ethanol-induced brain injury.” CBD reduced alcohol-induced cell death in the hippocampus and the etorhinal cortex of the brain in a dose-dependent manner by 60 percent.

Cannabis and Cancer: Studies Show…

1. Cannabinoid receptors and neurotransmitters are upregulated in tumor tissue.[1], [2]

Studies show that cancer cells contain more cannabinoid receptors and endocannabinoids. In other words, tumors are sensitive to (one might even say our bodies are looking for) cannabinoids.

2. Cannabis addresses both cancer causes as well as its symptoms.

  • Cannabis not only hinders the growth and metastasis of tumors, but it has been shown to actually shrink tumors.[1], [3]

Studies show cannabis prevents cancer cells from multiplying and spreading, it prevents the formation of new blood vessels to nourish cancer cells, and it induces cell death in cancer cells.

  • Cannabis helps decrease nausea, increase appetite, and decrease pain in cancer patients.[4], [5]

“Cannabinoids… may exert palliative effects in cancer patients by preventing nausea, vomiting, and pain and by stimulating appetite.”[5]

Cannabis and Sleep

Miscellaneous Information about Cannabis and Sleep

Low-doses of CBD have a stimulating effect, while high-doses of CBD have a sedating effect.[1] So if you use CBD for sleep, make sure you take a high enough dose.

Cannabis IRL: Review of The Medical Cannabis Primer

Review: “The Medical Cannabis Primer”- The Guide We All Need to Read.

A Cannabis In Real Life Review by Dan Larkin

Getting clear, concise, and easy to understand information about cannabis is tough. There are lots of resources but which ones can you trust? How can you be sure the information isn’t biased? How are you supposed to even understand all the terminology and science? Is it even legal?

All of this becomes doubly important if you’re researching medical cannabis as an alternative to conventional treatments or pharmaceuticals. You or someone you love may have recently been diagnosed with...

Read More

Cannabis Is Reaching its Me Too Moment

I was just listening to the Brave New Weed podcast discussion (Episode 51) about the wrangling going on in New York regarding cannabis legalization. Two different threads in the discussion peaked my interest. One thread discussed the idea that many people in New York – especially in upstate counties – are against legalization of cannabis; this is the Just Say No To Drugs contingent. Politicians will be reluctant to legalize cannabis, if they think this contingent is large enough, and if politicians will lose their vote by voting for legalization. Another thread discussed how big cannabis companies in New York submitted a proposal containing a clause that outlawed homegrown cannabis. This was a clear power-grab by established cannabis companies.

As I listened to the discussion, and these two threads in particular, it occurred to me that cannabis is reaching its Me Too moment. 

Before the Me Too Movement had gained momentum, there had always been grassroots movements against sexual harassment. I consider the issue of sexual harassment to be a component of the fight for equality, which has been brewing probably since Adam and Eve left the Garden of Eden. Yet, even with the presence of grassroots movements, companies had always gained more by paying off accusers – even if it meant a bit of bad press – than by firing powerful people in the company for engaging in harassment. The fact was the negative costs to companies of any social condemnation paled in comparison to the benefits of retaining valuable employees. 

Cannabis: A Penicillin for the 21st Century

Throughout history, bacterial infections have been the scourge of human beings. Up until the early 1900s, the top 10 leading causes of death globally were all bacterial infections, most of them infectious diseases. Between the late 1800s and early 1900s, however, the introduction of public sanitation measures, together with the advent of vaccines, significantly curtailed death from bacterial infections, particularly in more developed nations. Nonetheless, while sanitation and vaccinations prevent much bacterial infection from occurring, they certainly do not eliminate all infections, nor do they treat the infections that do occur.

Medical Cannabis: Whole Plant vs. Pharma/Isolates

There are three different forms of medical cannabis currently available in select regions:

  • Pharmaceutical cannabis products: Plant-derived or synthetic isolates that have passed through clinical trials and received FDA-approval.
  • Cannabis isolates: Cannabis-derived isolates that have not been FDA-approved.
  • Whole plant cannabis extracts: Cannabis-derived extracts that contain a variety of compounds from the plant.

Merging Cannabis Science & Technology for Mainstream Adoption

I was honored to have been interviewed for the Periodic Effects Business & Science Podcast, hosted by Wayne Schwind:

How is science different from technology? And why are these merging around cannabis to usher in the new frontier? Our guest is Ruth Fisher, Ph.D., Author of “The Medical Cannabis Primer” and Co-Founder of Cann Dynamics. We discuss the potential futures of cannabis and what it will take for the adoption and use of cannabis to move into the mainstream.

Wayne indicated his biggest takeaway from the discussion was:

There are multiple consumer and operator segments in the cannabis industry like recreational, medical, legacy, doctors/ family practitioners and pharmaceutical. They are all talking about cannabis from a different perspective. Will they all eventually meet on common ground? Or will these segments continue to diverge? It seems like mainstream adoption will require a common ground. We discuss the hurdles and bottlenecks preventing cannabis from mass adoption.

Preventing Recreational Cannabis from Squeezing Out Medical

States that have legalized the sale and use of cannabis have generally exhibited similar patterns in cannabis sales over time. States start by legalizing medical cannabis. As medical cannabis programs are rolled out, numbers of cannabis patients and sales of medical cannabis products increase over time. After medical cannabis has been legalized for some years, many states eventually also legalize cannabis for recreational (adult use) purposes. If and when a state legalizes recreational cannabis, total cannabis sales continue to rise, where sales for recreational uses increase, but sales for medical uses decrease (see Figure 1).

Synthetic vs. Isolate vs. Distillate vs. Extract

There are many different methods used to process cannabis and obtain its active ingredients. As far as cannabis users are concerned, the primary difference between the various processes is: which components from the original plant remain in the final extract?

The Medical Cannabis Primer Reviewed by Cansoom

Renowned cannabis educator, Lolita Korneagay of Cansoom, recently reviewed The Medical Cannabis Primer and said some nice things about our book:

"The book is only 10 chapters and about 144 pages, but it was chocked full of interesting information.

"I thought that this book would be filled with the same information that I already know...I do feel that Ruth touched all of the major points and she even brought up a couple of points that I had not considered before.

"I think that this book is great for people who are curious about using cannabis medically and it’s also a great refresher for the medical cannabis professional."

Thank you, Lolita!

The Mysteries of Cannabis Honey

The cannabis world is all a buzz about cannabis honey. The talk is not about taking honey and infusing it with cannabis, but rather feeding cannabis to bees and having the bees incorporate cannabis into the honey they make. It’s bee-made cannabis honey, not man-made.

The reason for the buzz is that bee-made cannabis honey has a much faster onset – “five to ten minutes compared with thirty to ninety” – together with “100 times the efficacy of cannabis-infused [i.e., man-made] honey.”[1] So it’s not the honey that’s making the cannabis more bioavailable; it’s something else.

What, exactly, are bees doing to the cannabis to make it so much more accommodating for medical cannabis use?!

This analysis seeks to answer two questions:

  1. How do bees process cannabis?
  2. How is bee-processed cannabis incorporated into honey?

Understanding Cannabis's Entourage Effect (Periodic Effects Podcast featuring Ruth Fisher, PhD)

Join Dr. Fisher for another podcast on Periodic Effects.

Some Fun #s - cannabinoids enhance communication between your 86 billion neurons, each of which connects to 5,000 to 200,000 other neurons and sends signals 5-50 times per second… wrap your neurons around that :)

We had RuthFisher, Ph.D. back on to discuss her recent article “Understanding Cannabis’s Entourage Effect”. We cover how cannabinoids work as neurotransmitters and the mechanisms of certain terpenes working with cannabinoids to produce specific effects.


Unresolved Cannabis Supply Chain Issues

The cannabis industry is new, but quickly evolving. The rapid pace of change is aggravated by the complexity of the plant itself, the complexity of its supply chain, the complexity of products offered, the complexity of rules and regulations for legal cannabis, and the complexity of legal market suppliers having to compete with a thriving black market.

What Can Nevada Extract from Cannabis?

Dr. Fisher will be participating in a panel discussion in September 2019, being held in Las Vegas, Nevada. Cannabis became legalized for recreational use in Nevada on January 1, 2017, after having been legalized for medical use since 2000. The discussion is titled, “What Can Nevada Extract from Cannabis?” The panel brings together a collection of political, business, health, and other experts to discuss what Nevada might expect in terms of entrepreneurship, tax revenues, pain relief, and recreational use. In addition to Dr. Fisher, the panel includes the following experts:

John Ralston, journalist, political commentator, and talk show host.

Dr. Mowgli Holmes, co-founder and CEO of Phylos Bioscience. He was a founding board member of the Open Cannabis Project, and is Chair of the Oregon State Cannabis Research Task Force.

Chris Giunchigliani,former state Assemblywoman and past president of the Clark County and Nevada state education associations. Sheis a member of the Nevada Marijuana Advisory Panel.

Brandon Weigand, Chief Compliance Officer for The Source Dispensaries. He is responsible for improving the efficiency of operations, and for regulatory compliance.

Dr. Jon Norman,Chief Scientific Officer for Vivera Pharmaceuticals. He leads the design and implementation of clinical trials for Vivera'a proprietary CBD sublingual products.

Whole Plant Cannabis Doesn’t Fit the Healthcare Industry Mold

Moreover, this [Epidiolex] is a purified form of CBD. It’s being delivered to patients in a reliable dosage form and through a reproducible route of delivery to ensure that patients derive the anticipated benefits. This is how sound medical science is advanced.

-- FDA Commissioner Scott Gottlieb, M.D. (June 25, 2018)[1]

This statement by FDA Commissioner Scott Gottlieb helps illuminate why government – as well as many in the healthcare industry – are so averse to cannabis in flower or other whole plant form: Whole plant cannabis is simply not a form of medication that reflects “sound medical science,” that is, it is not a purified form that can be reliably dosed.

Origins of Medication Standardization

The idea that active ingredients in medication should be isolated and purified is not a new concept. The idea dates back to ancient times, to the Greek physician Galen (c. 130–c. 200 AD). Yet, it wasn’t until the 1800s that active compounds were actually first isolated. The ability to isolate and purify individual compounds radically changed how plants were used in medicine. Henceforth the healthcare industry insisted on the exclusive use of isolated and purified compounds in healthcare – rather than whole plant medicines – for three reasons:[2]

  1. Accurate dosing of medications,
  2. Elimination of toxic effects due to impurities in plant product, and
  3. Synthesis of related compounds for use in other valuable drugs.

Why Cannabis Education Is So Important

Suppose you woke up one morning, and when you opened your eyes, this is what you saw:

1 black

Suppose you then went to, say, CVS, pulled a pair of glasses off the rack, put them on, and this is what you saw:

2 blur

The glasses obviously help a bit, but not a lot. How much would you be willing to pay for these glasses for the improvement they bring? Probably not much. For the sake of argument, let’s put a value of $5 on your willingness to pay for the improvement these glasses would give you. 

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buy The Medical Cannabis Primer on Amazon

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